The United Church of Christ (UCC) was formed in 1957 with the union of two Protestant denominations: the Evangelical and Reformed Church and the Congregational Christian Churches. Each of these was, in turn, the result of a union of two earlier traditions.
The Congregational Churches were organized when the Pilgrims of Plymouth Plantation (1620) and the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629) acknowledged their essential unity in the Cambridge Platform of 1648.
The Reformed Church in the United States traced its beginnings to
congregations of German settlers in Pennsylvania founded from 1725 on.
Later, its ranks were swelled by Reformed immigrants from Switzerland, Hungary and other countries.
The Christian Churches sprang up in the late 1700s and early 1800s in
reaction to the theological and organizational rigidity of the Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist churches of the time.
The Evangelical Synod of North America traced its beginnings to an
association of German Evangelical pastors in Missouri. This association,
founded in 1841, reflected the 1817 union of Lutheran and Reformed churches in Germany.
Through the years, other groups such as American Indians, Afro-Christians, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, Volga Germans, Armenians, and Hispanic Americans have joined with the four earlier groups. In recent years, Christians from other traditions, including the Roman Catholic Church, have found a home in the UCC, and so have gay and lesbian Christians who have not
been welcome in other churches. Thus the UCC celebrates and continues a broad variety of traditions in its common life.
Here are six important characteristics that define our denomination:
1. We are followers of the way of Jesus Christ.
2. We work for peace and justice both locally and globally.
3. We responsibly honor freedom for every individual.
4. We believe that God is still speaking and we listen.
5. We are living witnesses of the “Good News” sharing compassion and welcome.
6. We are a united and uniting community, celebrating creation’s rich diversity.
If you would like to learn more about the United Church of Christ you can explore our
denomination’s national website at